The present perfect, commonly known as the Present Perfect Indicative , is a compound verb tense, meaning it has two parts: an auxiliary(helping) verb, plus a participle of the main verb.

The present perfect is used to indicate what one has or has not done. Haber is the auxiliary used in the present perfect. The auxiliary verb shows person/number, tense, and mood. The participle itself does NOT change.


Construction: form of haber according to subject + past participle


The conjugations of Haber in the present tense are as follows:

Yo he Nosotros hemos
Tú hasVosotros habéis
Él, ella, usted haEllos, ellas, ustedes han

Formation of the past participle:

take your infinitive
drop the ending
add a new set of endings: for –ar verbs, drop the –ar and add –ado; for –er/-ir verbs, drop the –er/-ir and add –ido


Comprar compr- comprado
Vivir viv-vivido
Correr corr- corrido

* the past participle, when used with haber, will always be singular and masculine, regardless of the subject covered by the verb form Haber.


Infinitive Past participle Meaning
Abrir abierto open, opened
Decirdichosaid, told
Hacer hechodone, made
Morirmuertodead, died
Ponerpuestoput, placed
Resolverresueltoresolved, solved
Volver vueltoreturned

*In general, compound words based upon these irregulars will share the same kind of irregular past participle: descomponer= descompuesto (broken, out of order).

Examples of the present perfect:

Ellos ya han terminado el trabajo. They have finished the work already.

 Nunca he viajado a Panamá. I have never traveled to Panamá.

Hemos comido y bebido todo. We have eaten and drunk everything.

Ella ha decidido cambiar su ropa. She has decided to change her clothes.

¿Has visto la película "Scary Movie"? Have you seen the film "Scary Movie"?

Ellos han hecho las camas. They have made the beds.

TEST YOURSELF! Try a Present Perfect Online Exercise