Ser (characteristics, personality, physical appearance, origin, occupation, ownership, relationships, religion, nationality, time, location of EVENTS)


Adjectives of description (alto, bajo, simpแtico, inteligente, rubio, moreno, delgado, gordo, etc.)


Estar (temporary conditions, health, emotional states, location of PEOPLE or OBJECTS, present progressive, death)


Adjectives of health or emotion (enfermo, cansado, triste, alegre, enojado, etc.)


Household Chores/related verbs:

Los quehaceres – household chores

Un quehacer- a chore

Poner –to put, place

Poner la mesa –to set the table

Recoger la mesa-  to clear the table

Acostar(se)- to go to bed

Ir – to go

Regar – to water

Una manguera – a hose

El jardํn – the garden

Cortar – to cut

El c้sped- the  lawn

La cortadora – the lawnmower

Fregar –to wash (dishes)

Hacer –to do , make

Hacer la cama –to make the bed

Pasar la aspiradora – to vacuum

Sacudir los muebles – to dust the furniture

Quitar el polvo (de los muebles) – to dust (the furniture)

Lavar los platos- to wash the dishes

Barrer (el piso) – to sweep (the floor)

Una escoba – a broom

Un trapo – a rag

Echar una mano – to lend a hand (help out)

Lavar la ropa – to wash the clothes

Colgar – to hang (i.e. colgar la ropa = to hang up clothing)

Secar – to dry

Planchar- to iron

Una plancha – an iron

Sacar a pasear- to take for a walk (i.e. Saco a pasear a mi perro – I  take my dog for a walk)

Dar de comer – to feed (i.e. Doy de comer a mis gatos – I feed my cats)


Misc. Verbs/directorial statements:

Tener – to have

Oler – to smell

Pintarse – to paint oneself (put on makeup)

Maquillarse –to put on makeup

Gritar – to yell

Silbar – to whistle

Traer – to bring

Hacer cola –to stand in line

Poder –to be able to (o ue)

Seguir – to follow, continue (e i)

Seguir derecho – to go straight

Doblar – to turn

A la izquierda – to the left

A la derecha – to the right

Cuadros – blocks (street blocks)

Calle – street

Avenida – avenue

Subir – to go up (i.e. a street or stairs)

Bajar – to go down (i.e. a street or stairs)

La entrada – entrance

La salida - exit

Encontrarse – to run into, meet up with


Noun products:

El perfume – perfume

La colonia – cologne

El esmalte de u๑as – nail polish

El jab๓n – soap

Una toalla – a towel

El lแpiz de labios – lipstick

La crema – cream (lotion)

La mแscara de ojos – mascara

La secadora – hair dryer

La laca para el cabello – hair spray

La aspiradora – vacuum

La escoba – broom

El lavaplatos – dishwasher

El fregadero – sink

El armario – closet

El pa๑uelo – handkerchief

La percha-  hanger

Una mแquina de lavar / una lavadora de ropa – washing machine

Las flores – flowers


General Verbs:

Servir – to serve (e i)

Callarse – to shut up

Apagar – to turn off (i.e. an appliance)

Conducir – to drive (-zco verb)

Llegar –to arrive

Ganar- to earn, win

Volver-  to return (come back) (o ue)

Salir – to leave, go out

Levantar pesas- to lift weights

Contar chistes – to tell jokes (o ue)


Misc. Info:  You should also be able to describe, using the subjunctive mood, your ideal family or ideal mate. Be sure to set up your sentences appropriately. For example, to talk about either topic, you would have to have a S1V1+que=S2V2 structure: I want my ideal family to be fun, I want that we go to a lot of baseball games; I want that my ideal girlfriend be tall, I want that she be rich/intelligent, etc. Besure to review your subjunctive formation, and especially your irregular subjunctive verbs (SIDES).