REFLEXIVE VERBS: p. 108-109, 110, 112, 113, 120

Acostarse – to go to bed (o àue)

Vestirse – to get dressed (dress oneself) (eài)

Despertarse – to wake up (eàie)

Ducharse – to shower

Levantarse – to get up

Reunirse – to meet (with someone)

Cepillarse los dientes – to brush one’s teeth

Peinarse (el pelo) – to comb (one’s hair)

Quedarse – to stay, remain

Bañarse – to bathe oneself (take a bath)

Ponerse la ropa – to put on clothes/ get dressed

Desayunarse – to eat breakfast (by oneself)


SER VS. ESTAR: p. 33 & class notes

Ser – to be ( characteristics, personality, physical appearance, origin, ownership, occupation, relationships, religion, nationality, time, location of EVENTS)


Estar – to be (temporary conditions, health, emotional states, location of PEOPLE OR OBJECTS, present progressive, death)


-ZCO Verbs & misc: p. 57-58, class notes

Merecer – to deserve (-zco verb)

Bailar – dance

Conducir – to drive (-zco verb)

Traer – to bring

Ayudar – to help

Pasar (las vacaciones) – to spend/pass time (on vacation, etc)

Buscar – to look for



STEM-CHANGING VERBS & misc.: p. 98-99, 101-104

Soñar – to dream (oàue)

Poder – to be able to (oà ue)

Pensar – to think (eà ie)

Venir – to come (eà ie)

Divertirse –to have fun, enjoy oneself (eàie)

Cerrar – to close (eàie)

Pedir – to ask for, request (eà i)

Tener – to have (eà ie)

Perder – to lose (eà ie)

Querer – to want (eà ie)

Decir – to say, tell (eà i)

Preferir – to prefer (eà ie)

Dormir – to sleep (o à ue)


GUSTAR & VERBS LIKE IT: p. 9, 87-88 & class notes

Gustar –to be pleasing, to like

Encantar – to enchant, to delight, to be enchanting (for someone)

Interesar – to interest, be interesting (for someone)

Importar –to be important (to/for someone)

Molestar – to bother, irritate

Quedar – to remain, to be leftover

Faltar – to be lacking, to be missing


Correr – to run

Preparar – to prepare

Leer – to read

Hablar – to speak

Escribir – to write

Comer – to eat

Jugar – to play (uà ue)


SABER VS. CONOCER: p. 68 & class notes

Saber – to know (facts, information, how to do something)

Conocer – to know (to be familiar with people, places, or products)


Este, esta, estos, estas – this/these  (aquí, acá)


Ese, esa, esos, esas – that/ those (allí, ahí)


Aquel, aquella, aquellos, aquellas – that/those over there (allá)



La compañía – the company

La familia – the family

La familia ideal – the ideal family


TENER EXPRESSIONS: p. 24 & class notes

Tener razón – to be right, correct

Tener ganas de + verb – to feel like (doing something)

Tener frío – to be cold

Tener calor – to be hot

Tener prisa – to bei n a hurry

Tener que + verb – to have to (do something)

Tener sueño – to be sleepy

Tener sed- to be thirsty

Tener hambre – to be hungry


DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS: p. 61, 78, & class notes

Me,te, lo/la; nos, os, los/las – direct object pronouns

·     D.O. pronouns answer the questions WHO or WHAT?

·     D. O.s  usually directly follow the verb in a sentence.

·     D.O. pronouns take the place of the D.O. itself (you can’t have both in there at the same time)

·     D.O. pronouns must be placed BEFORE a conjugated verb or ATTACHED directly to the end of an infinitive or progressive



INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS: p. 70, 78, 80 & class notes

Me, te, le, nos, os, les – indirect object pronouns

·     I.O. pronouns answer the question TO or FOR WHOM?

·     I.O. pronouns usually indicate a recipient- for whom is something pleasing? To whom are you giving the gift? For whom are you buying the paper?

·     I.O. pronouns must be placed BEFORE a conjugated verb or ATTACHED directly to the end of an infinitive or progressive


The verb IR: p. 28 & class notes

Ir + a + destination – to go to (the park, school, church, the beach, etc)

Ir + a + verb – the simple future: to go to (do something)


-GO VERBS: p. 124 & class notes

caer – to fall

decir –to say, tell

hacer- to do, make

oír – to hear

poner –to put, place

salir –to leave, go out

traer – to bring

hacerse + noun – to become (a doctor, lawyer, teacher, etc)

ponerse + adjective –to become (angry, scared, nervous,etc)


Also included:  it would be wise to review some basic vocabulary dealing with personal interests or favorite pastimes. This way, you will be prepared to discuss your own extracurricular activities as well as any activities your family may do on the weekends or during the week. For example: jugar al beisbol, jugar al hockey, jugar al fútbol/ fútbol americano, ir al cine, mirar la televisión, hablar por teléfono, sacar fotos, nadar, correr, etc.