THE PAST PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE / sequence of tenses information

The past perfect (pluperfect) subjunctive consists of the imperfect subjunctive of haber + the past participle. The most important use of the past perfect subjunctive is in conditional sentences, It is also used to express a contrary-to-fact wish in the past after ojalá (que) .

 

The past perfect subjunctive is used instead of the present perfect subjunctive to indicate that the action of the dependent clause happens before the action of the main clause when the main clause is in the preterite, imperfect, or conditional tense.

Imperfect subjunctive of Haber:

+ past participle

Hubiera hubiéramos
Hubieras hubierais
Hubiera hubieran


 

Todos se alegraron de que Javier y yo nos hubiéramos comprometido.

Era importante que yo hubiera asistido a la conferencia en Roma.

Ellos esperaban que tú hubieras comprado una pulsera de oro.

Nos gustó que las hermanas Cela hubieran hecho un viaje a Santo Domingo.

 

In Conditional Sentences. . .

Si tú vas, yo iré también (present indicative - future / future - present indicative)

(If you go, I will go, too).

Si tú fueras a la fiesta, yo iría también. (imperfect subjunctive conditional / imperfect subjunctive)

Yo iría a la fiesta si tú fueras también.

(Both of the above sentences mean "If you were to go to the party I would go, too").

Si tú hubieras ido a la fiesta, yo hubiera ido también. (past perf subj. past perf. Subj.) (If you had gone to the party, I would have gone, too).

Si tú hubieras ido, yo habría ido también. (past perf subj conditional perf._

(If you had gone to the party, I would have, too).